Flutter 在启动时崩溃:在路径 DexPathList 上找不到类 .MainActivity

我在为 Android 启用 MultiDex 构建器的情况下使用 Flutter,遇到了一个非常棘手的问题。我的应用程序运行时没有任何异常,但是在添加 video_player 包时它只是在启动时崩溃:

FATAL EXCEPTION: main
Process: com.rsg.anygoal, PID: 5883
java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate activity ComponentInfo{com.rsg.anygoal/com.rsg.anygoal.MainActivity}: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Didn't find class "com.rsg.anygoal.MainActivity" on path: DexPathList[[zip file "/data/app/com.rsg.anygoal-tCKWlQXJD-iwdHtVRl0qqA==/base.apk"],nativeLibraryDirectories=[/data/app/com.rsg.anygoal-tCKWlQXJD-iwdHtVRl0qqA==/lib/x86, /data/app/com.rsg.anygoal-tCKWlQXJD-iwdHtVRl0qqA==/base.apk!/lib/x86, /system/lib, /vendor/lib]]
    at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2679)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2856)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.-wrap11(Unknown Source:0)
    at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1589)
    at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:106)
    at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:164)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:6494)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
    at com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(RuntimeInit.java:438)
    at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:807)
 Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Didn't find class "com.rsg.anygoal.MainActivity" on path: DexPathList[[zip file "/data/app/com.rsg.anygoal-tCKWlQXJD-iwdHtVRl0qqA==/base.apk"],nativeLibraryDirectories=[/data/app/com.rsg.anygoal-tCKWlQXJD-iwdHtVRl0qqA==/lib/x86, /data/app/com.rsg.anygoal-tCKWlQXJD-iwdHtVRl0qqA==/base.apk!/lib/x86, /system/lib, /vendor/lib]]
    at dalvik.system.BaseDexClassLoader.findClass(BaseDexClassLoader.java:125)
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:379)
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:312)
    at android.app.Instrumentation.newActivity(Instrumentation.java:1174)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2669)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2856) 
    at android.app.ActivityThread.-wrap11(Unknown Source:0) 
    at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1589) 
    at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:106) 
    at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:164) 
    at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:6494) 
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method) 
    at com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(RuntimeInit.java:438) 
    at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:807) 

后来在调查这个问题时,我尝试禁用 MultiDex 并且似乎修复了它,但随后添加额外的颤振包再次破坏了应用程序,所以我认为它不是严格由 multiDex 引起的并重新启用它。

我在论坛中发现的另一个修复尝试是将 ".MainActivity" 重命名为确切的类路径 "com.*...*.MainActivity" 但这也无济于事。

希望有人会提出一个可能的解决方法!留下一些我在调查期间收集的日志和代码片段,其中可能包括对您有帮助的线索。

**Full Android logcat logs: [https://pastebin.com/vPs614jj](https://pastebin.com/vPs614jj)**

**Flutter pubspec (name and description intentionally omitted):**

version: 1.0.6+16
environment:
  sdk: ">=2.1.0 <3.0.0"

dependencies:
  flutter:
    sdk: flutter
  cupertino_icons: ^0.1.2
  intl: ^0.15.8
  firebase_core: ^0.4.3+1
  firebase_admob: ^0.9.0+10
  firebase_analytics: ^5.0.9
  firebase_auth: ^0.15.3
  firebase_crashlytics: ^0.1.2+4
  firebase_performance: ^0.3.1+5
  firebase_remote_config: ^0.3.0+1
  firebase_messaging: ^6.0.9
  firebase_dynamic_links: ^0.5.0+9
  cloud_firestore: ^0.13.0+1
  cloud_functions: ^0.4.1+6
  google_sign_in: ^4.1.1
  provider: ^4.0.1
  data_connection_checker: ^0.3.4
  shared_preferences: ^0.5.6
  flutter_markdown: ^0.3.2
  url_launcher: ^5.4.1
  barcode_scan: ^1.0.0
  qr_flutter: ^3.2.0
  share: ^0.6.3+5
  video_player: ^0.10.11+2

dev_dependencies:
  flutter_test:
    sdk: flutter

flutter:
  fonts:
    - family: Raleway
      fonts:
        - asset: fonts/Raleway-Regular.ttf
  uses-material-design: true

**Android Manifest:**

<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="$APP_DOMAIN">
    <application android:name="io.flutter.app.FlutterApplication" android:label="$APP_NAME" android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity" android:launchMode="singleTop" android:theme="@style/LaunchTheme" android:configChanges="orientation|keyboardHidden|keyboard|screenSize|locale|layoutDirection|fontScale|screenLayout|density|uiMode" android:hardwareAccelerated="true" android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustResize">
            <meta-data android:name="io.flutter.app.android.SplashScreenUntilFirstFrame" android:value="true" />
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/>
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/>
            </intent-filter>
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="FLUTTER_NOTIFICATION_CLICK" />
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        <meta-data android:name="com.google.android.gms.ads.APPLICATION_ID" android:value="$APP_ADS_ID"/>
        <meta-data
            android:name="com.google.firebase.messaging.default_notification_icon"
            android:resource="@drawable/notification_icon" />
    </application>

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
</manifest>

**MainActivity.java:**

import android.os.Bundle;
import io.flutter.app.FlutterActivity;
import io.flutter.plugins.GeneratedPluginRegistrant;

public class MainActivity extends FlutterActivity {
  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    GeneratedPluginRegistrant.registerWith(this);
  }
}

**Flutter doctor output (XCode shouldn't matter):**

Doctor summary (to see all details, run flutter doctor -v):
[✓] Flutter (Channel stable, v1.17.5, on Mac OS X 10.15.4 19E287, locale en-BG)

[✓] Android toolchain - develop for Android devices (Android SDK version 29.0.3)
[!] Xcode - develop for iOS and macOS
    ✗ Xcode installation is incomplete; a full installation is necessary for iOS development.
      Download at: https://developer.apple.com/xcode/download/
      Or install Xcode via the App Store.
      Once installed, run:
        sudo xcode-select --switch /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer
        sudo xcodebuild -runFirstLaunch
[✓] Android Studio (version 3.5)
[✓] VS Code (version 1.46.1)
[✓] Connected device (1 available)
stack overflow Flutter crashes on startup: Didn't find class .MainActivity on path DexPathList
原文答案

答案:

作者头像

解决方案:它的简单解决方案是转到mainActivity.kt并与androidManifest.xml匹配包装名称。

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