自定义箭头 Swiper Slider + Next.js + Sass

我在 Next.JS 开发的项目中使用滑块滑动器,并且使用 Sass 进行样式设置。但是,当我要按照文档的要求使用 swiper 类来设置箭头样式时,它就不起作用了。

我需要箭头在组件之外,而不是重叠。

CSS

.swiper-button-next,
.swiper-button-prev {
  background: red;
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  width: calc(var(--swiper-navigation-size) / 44 * 27);
  height: var(--swiper-navigation-size);
  margin-top: calc(0px - (var(--swiper-navigation-size) / 2));
  z-index: 10;
  cursor: pointer;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  color: var(--swiper-navigation-color, var(--swiper-theme-color));
}
.swiper-button-next.swiper-button-disabled,
.swiper-button-prev.swiper-button-disabled {
  opacity: 0.35;
  cursor: auto;
  pointer-events: none;
}
.swiper-button-next:after,
.swiper-button-prev:after {
  background: red;
  font-family: swiper-icons;
  font-size: var(--swiper-navigation-size);
  text-transform: none !important;
  letter-spacing: 0;
  text-transform: none;
  font-variant: initial;
  line-height: 1;
}
.swiper-button-prev,
.swiper-container-rtl .swiper-button-next {
  left: 10px;
  right: auto;
}
.swiper-button-prev:after,
.swiper-container-rtl .swiper-button-next:after {
  content: "prev";
  color: #000;
}
.swiper-button-next,
.swiper-container-rtl .swiper-button-prev {
  right: 10px;
  left: auto;
}
.swiper-button-next:after,
.swiper-container-rtl .swiper-button-prev:after {
  content: "next";
}
.swiper-button-next.swiper-button-white,
.swiper-button-prev.swiper-button-white {
  --swiper-navigation-color: #ffffff;
}
.swiper-button-next.swiper-button-black,
.swiper-button-prev.swiper-button-black {
  --swiper-navigation-color: #000000;
}
.swiper-button-lock {
  display: none;
}

我已经尝试更改样式,但没有反映在组件上。如果我通过浏览器更改样式,它可以正常工作。

stack overflow Custom arrow Swiper Slider + Next.js + Sass
原文答案

答案:

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更改基本的箭头样式非常简单 - 看看下面的代码框: https://codesandbox.io/s/stoic-shaw-q35wq?file=/src/styles.scss

.swiper-button-prev, .swiper-button-next {
  top: 45%;
  width: 40px;
  height: 40px;
  background: #fff;
  border: 1px solid gray;
  border-radius: 50%;
  color: blue;
  font-weight: 700;
  outline: 0;
  transition: background-color .2s ease, color .2s ease;

  &::after {
      font-size: 16px;
  }
}

.swiper-button-prev {
  &:after {
      position: relative;
      left: -1px;
  }
}

.swiper-button-next {
  &:after {
      position: relative;
      left: 1px;
  }
}

.swiper-button-prev, .swiper-container-rtl .swiper-button-next {
  left: 10px;
  right: auto;
}

.swiper-button-next, .swiper-container-rtl .swiper-button-prev {
  right: 10px;
  left: auto;
}

.swiper-button-prev.swiper-button-disabled, .swiper-button-next.swiper-button-disabled {
  opacity: 0;
  cursor: auto;
  pointer-events: none;
}

然而,将箭头移到外面有点棘手。在上面的示例中,我使用了一些 CSS 技巧(负边距和相应的填充)和一些溢出来使其正常工作,但对于您的用例来说可能还不够。

您必须创建自己的下一个/上一个元素:

import React from "react";
import { Navigation, Pagination, Scrollbar, A11y, Controller } from "swiper";
import { Swiper, SwiperSlide } from "swiper/react";

// Import Swiper styles
import "swiper/css";
import "swiper/css/navigation";
import "swiper/css/pagination";
import "swiper/css/scrollbar";

import "./styles.scss";

const image = "https://source.unsplash.com/featured/300x201";

export default function App() {
  const images = new Array(6).fill({ url: image });

  const [swiper, setSwiper] = React.useState();
  const prevRef = React.useRef();
  const nextRef = React.useRef();

  React.useEffect(() => {
    if (swiper) {
      console.log("Swiper instance:", swiper);
      swiper.params.navigation.prevEl = prevRef.current;
      swiper.params.navigation.nextEl = nextRef.current;
      swiper.navigation.init();
      swiper.navigation.update();
    }
  }, [swiper]);

  return (
    <div className="App">
      <div className="carousel-container">
        <div className="swiper-button" ref={prevRef}>
          prev
        </div>
        <Swiper
          modules={[Navigation, Pagination, Scrollbar, A11y, Controller]}
          className="external-buttons"
          spaceBetween={24}
          slidesPerView={1}
          navigation={{
            prevEl: prevRef?.current,
            nextEl: nextRef?.current
          }}
          updateOnWindowResize
          observer
          observeParents
          initialSlide={2}
          onSwiper={setSwiper}
        >
          {images.map((image, index) => (
            <SwiperSlide key={index}>
              <img
                height="200"
                width="300"
                alt="img"
                className="image"
                src={image.url}
              />
            </SwiperSlide>
          ))}
        </Swiper>
        <div className="swiper-button" ref={nextRef}>
          next
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  );
}

完整示例 - https://codesandbox.io/s/prod-darkness-o483y?file=/src/App.js

重要 - 示例使用 Swiper v7